Before embarking on the design of wooden furniture, it is necessary to know what type of material to use according to your use, the room in which it will be installed, and many other criteria. Deciphering the existing types of wood and the criteria to be taken into account.
The design of wooden furniture leaves no room for improvisation. Whether it is intended for your interior, your garden or your terrace, the key to success and its durability lies in the choice of material used. Focus on the criteria to take into account to find the right wood.
Before embarking on its design, a minimum of reflection is required. With this in mind, ask yourself the right questions: what will the furniture be used for? What room is it for? Is the room heated or humid? Will it be stored outdoors? Will the weight to be supported be substantial? What is your expertise in this? What budget do you have?
Don’t forget to think carefully beforehand about the quantity of wood you will need, because construction stores have been facing a shortage for several months and are regularly concerned by the unavailability of materials, delays in delivery, not to mention subsequent price increases. It would therefore be a shame to find yourself stuck in the middle of your realization. Other criteria not to be overlooked: the level of drying of the wood. Thus, the drier the wood, the easier it is to work. Finally, it is better to choose wood with few knots because it will be much more aesthetic in terms of finish.
In order not to be mistaken in the choice of wood to use, it is also necessary to know that each of them has its own specificities. Solidity, durability, or even ease of maintenance: it is essential to take into consideration the different characteristics of each type of wood to choose the one that will be best suited to your furniture. These are divided into four classes, from lightest to hardest:
The latter brings together pine, fir, poplar and alder.
Good to know: While Class A gasolines are the least expensive, they may not be suitable for all uses. Among the most fragile woods, they should not be used to support heavy loads. On the other hand, they are easier to work with.
This category includes walnut, birch and teak.
Good to know: Very popular with carpenters, walnut, because of its robustness and aesthetics, is perfectly suited to furniture in a dining room. In addition to its hardness, teak has the advantage of being rot-proof and is therefore an ideal wood for bathroom furniture. These are very hard or semi-hard woods which generally resist weathering better than those of class A. For its fine and uniform grain, birch is often used for making interior furniture, but it is strongly discouraged for a outdoor use.
We find in this class oak, elm, ash and false acacia
Good to know: Oak is one of the hardiest species in furniture and can be used both indoors and outdoors. It is indeed renowned for its great durability, its resistance to weight, but also to climatic changes. Similarly, ash is not afraid of cold or humidity, and even less of high loads.
Finally, class D includes more exotic woods, such as rosewood, wenge and azobé.
Good to know: Exotic woods are very hard, rot-proof and particularly resistant to humidity. They are also appreciated for their very extensive color palette, ranging from red to black to yellow.
Note that wood derivatives, such as plywood, chipboard or medium, can be used as furniture bottoms, shelving, or even as partitions. Their main advantage is that they are particularly easy to cut.